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Although it has a population of less than 70,000, Weimar’s name plays large in the history of Germany. Settled before the 9th century, it was the historic capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, but its greatest fame arose when the German parliament fled here in 1918-19 to avoid the chaos of revolution in Berlin following the collapse of the monarchy. Meeting in the Deutches Nationaltheater they drafted a new constitution for what became known as the Weimar Republic – the government overthrown by Hitler in 1933. A small but beautiful city, Weimar is easy to tour, its major sites in close proximity. Culturally, it could be said to be the heart ...

Although it has a population of less than 70,000, Weimar’s name plays large in the history of Germany. Settled before the 9th century, it was the historic capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, but its greatest fame arose when the German parliament fled here in 1918-19 to avoid the chaos of revolution in Berlin following the collapse of the monarchy. Meeting in the Deutches Nationaltheater they drafted a new constitution for what became known as the Weimar Republic – the government overthrown by Hitler in 1933. A small but beautiful city, Weimar is easy to tour, its major sites in close proximity. Culturally, it could be said to be the heart of the German soul. Goethe and Schiller both lived, worked and are buried here and Freidrich Nietzche spent the final years of his life at Villa Silberick. Bach, Hummel and Liszt lived and performed within its limits and during the 1919-1933 period the revolutionary spirit of the times extended to the arts with the establishment and success of the Bauhaus School of architecture and arts under Walter Gropius, Hannes Meyer and Wassily Kandinsky. That movement still influences all branches of the arts. The importance of its Bauhaus sites and the structures of its classic 18th- and 19th-century period have been recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Site designation.

Stillman Rogers
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Stillman Rogers has written more than two dozen guidebooks, including Adventure Guide to Canada's Atlantic Provinces, Guide to Eastern Canada, and Adventure Guide to the Chesapeake.

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Facts at a Glance

  • Location: East Central Germany approximately 130 miles east of Berlin
  • Language: German
  • Currency: Euro
  • Research: Wikitravel | Wikipedia
  • Current Time:

Climate

  • Best Time to Visit:

    Early spring, summer, and early autumn if you want the best of the many gardens, but all year for history and culture