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Overview

High up in the Apennines north of Rome, Perugia sits along ridges overlooking the Tiber River. Once one of the major cities of the Etruscans, it fell to Rome, then the invading hordes from the north, then Byzantium. A battleground during the wars of the Ghibellines and Guelphs, the Guelphs won resulting in rule by the Papal States until it was liberated and integrated into Italy in 1860. Fiercely independent, two forts erected by the Popes were destroyed by the people, the 14th century Rocca del Sole was destroyed after only 3 years. It is now Piazza Rossi Scotti. In the 16th century the hated Pope Paul III Farnese built Rocca Paulina fort ...

High up in the Apennines north of Rome, Perugia sits along ridges overlooking the Tiber River. Once one of the major cities of the Etruscans, it fell to Rome, then the invading hordes from the north, then Byzantium. A battleground during the wars of the Ghibellines and Guelphs, the Guelphs won resulting in rule by the Papal States until it was liberated and integrated into Italy in 1860. Fiercely independent, two forts erected by the Popes were destroyed by the people, the 14th century Rocca del Sole was destroyed after only 3 years. It is now Piazza Rossi Scotti. In the 16th century the hated Pope Paul III Farnese built Rocca Paulina fort using ancient houses as its foundation. It suffered the fate of the Bastile upon independence in 1860 and is now Piazza Italia. Via Bagliona, a recent restoration, now allows visitors to walk medieval streets under the fort, once thought lost. The old city is a maze of narrow twisting streets filled with medieval buildings. The treasures of Perugia include an original Etruscan Gate and the circular 5th century church of St. Angelo with columns from Roman temples. Park outside of the old section, it is a limited parking zone with automated photo enforcement.

Stillman Rogers
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Stillman Rogers has written more than two dozen guidebooks, including Adventure Guide to Canada's Atlantic Provinces, Guide to Eastern Canada, and Adventure Guide to the Chesapeake.

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Facts at a Glance

  • Location: Capital city of the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber River, and the capital of the province of Perugia.
  • Language: Italian
  • Currency: Euro
  • Research: Wikipedia
  • Weather: Daylight | Rainfall

Climate

  • Best Time to Visit:

    Umbria Jazz, an international jazz festival, is held in July, but summer is quite hot. Spring and fall have the best temperatures.