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Known as the most beautiful of the Balearic Islands, Ibiza’s beaches and high coastal cliffs draw a white line around the island, separating its piney green interior from the blue of the sea. Inhabited since at least 5000 BC, Ibiza was an important stopping point on the earliest Mediterranean trade routes, conquered by Phoenicians, who founded a supply port and community in Sa Caleta in the 7th century BC. The UNESCO World Heritage archaeological site there is perhaps the best picture historians have of Phoenician city life in the Mediterranean, and the well-preserved underground tombs at Puig d'es Molins is the largest Phoenician group ...

Known as the most beautiful of the Balearic Islands, Ibiza’s beaches and high coastal cliffs draw a white line around the island, separating its piney green interior from the blue of the sea. Inhabited since at least 5000 BC, Ibiza was an important stopping point on the earliest Mediterranean trade routes, conquered by Phoenicians, who founded a supply port and community in Sa Caleta in the 7th century BC. The UNESCO World Heritage archaeological site there is perhaps the best picture historians have of Phoenician city life in the Mediterranean, and the well-preserved underground tombs at Puig d'es Molins is the largest Phoenician group known, with more than 3000 tombs.

The capital, Eivissa Vila, is one of Europe’s oldest towns, founded by the Carthaginians, who built the salinas for extracting salt, which became Ibiza's most important product. Today those saltpans and marshes are the basis of Ses Salines Natural Park, which features wetlands with 210 bird species, along with swimming beaches at Illetes and Cavallet. The Archaelogical Museum in Eivissa Vila features artifacts from prehistoric times to the 13th century, and administers the Punic necropolis in the lower town, one of the Mediterranean’s most important burial complexes. Near the museum in Plaza del Mirador are the cathedral, the Episcopal palace, the old market and a belvedere with views of the lower city. In Dalt Vila, the historic center surrounded by Renaissance walls, see the fishermen’s chapel, the foundations of an Arab tower and the Mudejar coffered ceiling in the old town hall.

Lura Seavey
About the Expert

Lura Seavey is the author of Fun with the Family in Vermont and New Hampshire and she has contributed to several Thomas Cook guidebooks, including Drive Around Catalonia, Travellers Mallorca, and Travellers Barcelona.

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Lura Seavey for Triporati

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Facts at a Glance

  • Location: An island in the Mediterranean Sea, 79 km off the coast of the city of Valencia, Spain.
  • Language: Spanish, Catalan
  • Currency: Euro
  • Research: Wikitravel | Wikipedia
  • Weather: Rainfall | Daylight
  • Current Time:

Climate

  • Best Time to Visit:

    May through October is the best season for beaches, but the climate is mild all year.