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Overview

Paleolithic burial chambers from 6000-4000 BC show that the island was occupied before the Romans began growing olives and wine grapes here in 123 BC. Irrigation was introduced under the Caliphate of Córdoba after 902, and in 1229 the island was annexed to Aragon, where it stayed until unification under the Spanish monarchy. Palma de Mallorca, the capital, commands sweeping views over Palma Bay, its skyline dominated by the Gothic cathedral. Mirada Portal, a masterpiece of 14th-century Spanish Gothic, and the Rose Window — one of the world’s largest Gothic church windows — are highlights, as is the magnificent choir and the Capilla Real ...

Paleolithic burial chambers from 6000-4000 BC show that the island was occupied before the Romans began growing olives and wine grapes here in 123 BC. Irrigation was introduced under the Caliphate of Córdoba after 902, and in 1229 the island was annexed to Aragon, where it stayed until unification under the Spanish monarchy. Palma de Mallorca, the capital, commands sweeping views over Palma Bay, its skyline dominated by the Gothic cathedral. Mirada Portal, a masterpiece of 14th-century Spanish Gothic, and the Rose Window — one of the world’s largest Gothic church windows — are highlights, as is the magnificent choir and the Capilla Real (Royal Chapel), with a wrought iron chandelier by Antoni Gaudí. In Palma’s maze of streets are the Almudaina Palace, Palacio Municipal, the Gothic church of Santa Eulalia and Convent of St. Clara. Plaza Mayor is the marketplace, and Paseo de la Rambla is lined with flower sellers.

At Manacor, visit pearl factories to watch production of the island’s famed artificial pearls. Overlooking the market town of Arta is the sanctuary, Santuari de Sant Salvador d'Arta, and nearby are the impressive Caves of Arta. Valldemossa, in the Tramuntana mountains, is a popular destination for the Royal Monastery where Frederic Chopin and George Sand stayed in 1838-39. The nearby Costa Nord center preserves landscape, flora and customs, while Mondragó Natural Park protects Majorca’s richest birdlife, with more than 70 species. Pollèntia tells the story of the island’s Roman era, with the only Roman theater remaining in the Balearic Islands.

Lura Seavey
About the Expert

Lura Seavey is the author of Fun with the Family in Vermont and New Hampshire and she has contributed to several Thomas Cook guidebooks, including Drive Around Catalonia, Travellers Mallorca, and Travellers Barcelona.

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Lura Seavey for Triporati

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Facts at a Glance

  • Location: The largest island of Spain. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea and part of the Balearic Islands archipelago.
  • Language: Spanish, Catalan
  • Currency: Euro
  • Research: Wikipedia | Wikitravel
  • Weather: Rainfall | Daylight
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Climate

  • Best Time to Visit:

    Majorca has a pleasant climate year round, but for beaches go between May and September.